Tuesday, November 10, 2015

Philosopher Andre Glucksmann deaths – Le Figaro

The famous philosopher and essayist, author of War Speech or thinkers Masters , died tonight at the age of 78 years .

Philosopher and essayist known for his commitment and his intransigence, André Glucksmann died on the night of 9 to 10 November in Paris, ad Le Monde . Born in Boulogne-Billancourt June 19, 1937 into a family of Polish Jewish origin, he was deeply affected by the tragedy of child German occupation and will be very early fascinated by the Resistance. Without doubt this is the episode that will guide its future political commitment, first in the proximity of the French Communist Party, during the 60s, and with Maoist intellectuals influenced by the thought of the philosopher Louis Althusser that will become virulent opponents PCF, considered “revisionist”.

intellectual Virage

Becoming an associate of philosophy in 1961, he published his first book in 1967, The discourse of war, strongly inspired by the work Clausewitz on Raymond Aron, he was the assistant. He joined in 1968, the leftist group Action and becomes fond of China Chairman Mao. A sometimes violent engagement, the Maoists then call to civil war, which continues until the early 1972 when, close to the ideas of Sartre, Glucksmann calls the France Georges Pompidou “fascist” in the journal Modern Times.

The publication of The Gulag Archipelago Solzhenitsyn in 1974, will produce a revolution in the minds of André Glucksmann. Shocked by the work and life of the great Russian writer, André Glucksmann starts an intellectual and policy shift: he discovered the deadly essence of totalitarianism and publishes The cook and the man-eating, thinking about the state, Marxism and concentration camps in 1975. Close to Michel Foucault, he joined the wake of the so-called then the “new philosophers” who hit the headlines, like Christian and Guy Lardreau Jambet, former Maoists who publish the Angel in 1976, a metaphysical and mystical reflection on the purity of the revolutionary desire and its impasses, Bernard Henri Levy or emphatically denouncing Communism in Barbarism with a Human Face, in 1977. Mouvance some do not deprive criticism severely, as Raymond Aron and Marcel Gauchet who ironiseront the late appearance of these discoveries antitotalitarian and low content of philosophical works in question.

From Maoism to Atlanticism

Beyond totalitarianism, which for him is the striking phenomenon of the twentieth century, André Glucksmann launches a discussion on the relationship between philosophy and history. He attacks in Master Thinkers (1977) figures to Marx, Hegel and Nietzsche, whose works have been manipulated both by communism as fascism, and continues, from book to book, cynicism and passion Stupidity to outline a reflection on morality in politics in the wake of Hanna Arendt and Camus. In 1979, he managed to meet Jean Paul Sartre and Aron around the cause of boat people trying to flee communist Vietnam and immortalizes the meeting of two philosophers on the steps of the Elysee, where President Giscard D’Estaing’s has received.

Anti-Stalinist became anticommunist, Glucksmann will evolve less to the right, as we have often said, towards a form of philoméricanisme that will lead it to take positions decided in favor of US intervention in Iraq against Saddam Hussein in 1991 and 2003. It will also push for recognition of the rights of the Chechen people and against President Putin’s policy, accusing the West of cowardice for him.

Obsessed with the question of evil in politics, he continued his reflection in Dostoyevsky in Manhattan, published a year near the September 11 attacks in 2001, a test where he sees the Islamists as new nihilists who defy the West. Not hesitating to be isolated in an intellectual world with the left, he took part for Nicolas Sarkozy during the presidential campaign of 2007. A political act greet some as courageous and where others will see an ultimate denial of its past leftist . Moralist engaged, André Glucksmann undoubtedly leave an image of a man who never compromised on what he considered to be essential.


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