Wednesday, January 20, 2016

Ettore Scola: the ten greatest films – Le Figaro

VIDEOS – is considered one of the last great masters of Italian cinema, the director died January 19 in Rome at the age of 84. Back on his ten feature films that have marked the history of cinema.

He was considered one of the last great masters of Italian cinema. Ettore Scola died January 19 in Rome at the age of 84. In forty-year career, the director has staged nearly forty films. His style is known for his daring and uniqueness.

It mixes acuity of psychological analysis, fierce caricature of modern societies, irony, farce, disillusionment, melancholy narrative and formal research and unpublished. Won several awards at the Césars as Cannes or the ceremony of silver ribbons, the filmmaker leaves behind great masterpieces of cinema.

Let’s talk about women (1964)

If permettete parliamo di donne , made in 1964, is the first feature film of Ettore Scola, who had previously signed as scenarios, including Dino Risi. The fashion then was that of the film sketches. Many Italian filmmakers had worked in this genre, not least because Fellini, Visconti, De Sica and Monicelli had joined two years earlier to the famous movie Boccaccio 70 .

Here, Ettore Scola is one in control. He leads the actor Vittorio Gassman, who plays the central character in new sketches. Originally titled If permettete parliamo di donne , the film highlights the difficulties of relationships between men and women.

We All Loved Each Other So Much (1974)

The story is set in 1944. Gianni, Nicola and Antonio become friends while they have gone underground to fight the Germans. When strikes the hour of liberation, a new world awaits them. Activists fervent, full of dreams and illusions, here they are ready to make the revolution.

While all three, at different times, will have an affair with Luciana, aspiring actress, life separates after the fall of the Fascist regime and the advent of the Republic. Gianni, lawyer seeking customers, Elis wife, the daughter of a coarse upstart, then finds himself a widower. Nicola, who vowed to be a film critic, teacher becomes in the province where he abandons his family to Rome. . Antonio will remain stretcher bearer in a Roman hospital, but eventually it by marrying Luciana

By chance, all three meet but communication between them has become very different from that of their youth: “We wanted to change the world, but the world has changed us! “says one of the protagonists … The film is explicitly dedicated to Italian director Vittorio De Sica, who died of lung cancer on November 13, 1974.

Ugly, Dirty and Bad (1976)

At the 29th edition of the Cannes Film Festival, the movie won the award for staging in 1976. The film was shot almost entirely in Rome, in the district of Monte Ciocci, from where one can see the dome of St. Peter’s Basilica. This area was really busy, until 1977, by slums inhabited by the unemployed and by workers in the yards of neighboring districts. Initially, Ettore Scola planned to do a documentary on this subject. He decided instead to approach the subject as a fi comedy.

The film tells the daily life of a family’s fourth world, a native of Puglia, in the slums of Rome at the beginning 1970 Twenty people – parents, children, spouses or lovers, grandchildren and grandmother – are crammed into a squalid slums, living on petty theft and prostitution, under the tyrannical authority of the patriarch blind, Giacinto Mazzatella (Nino Manfredi), avaricious and brutal.

It has a bundle of one million lire received compensation for having lost the use of one eye. He is obsessed with the fear that his family could rob him of the loot. He becomes infatuated with a fat prostitute, began to spend his money with her, even invited him to come live with him, which arouses the wrath of his wife. The latter, to avenge the insult, organizes with the whole family the murder of the husband and unworthy father.

A Special Day (1977)

Released in 1977, Una giornata particolare takes place in full Italian Fascist period, where we witness the meeting of two beings that everything seems to separate: Antonnietta, embodied in display by Sophia Loren and Gabriele, played by Marcello Mastroianni.

In Rome, May 8, 1938, Hitler met Mussolini. All the Romans abandoned their homes to go to attend the ceremony. In a large building, Antonietta, a good mother of a large family (according to Mussolini indoctrination: a husband all that is most macho and six children), is forced to stay home to care for household chores while she went to see would be the Duce as everyone.

The chance will put in contact with a forlorn man she saw in an apartment on the other side of the court. This is Gabriele, a gay intellectual who, for this reason, has been excluded from the national radio presenter and where he was threatened with deportation.

La Terrasse (1980)

Ettore Scola surrounds to make the film of renowned players such as Jean-Louis Trintignant, Marcello Mastroianni or Serge Reggiani. They embody longtime friends, belonging to the middle of the cultural left, which meet for a ritual evening buffet on the wide Roman terrace of one of them. The camera wanders and surprising conversations then follows a character in his life before returning to the party and to follow another. The enthusiasm of youth gave way to bitterness and chess findings, both professional and sentimental.

The film follows successively Enrico, screenwriter short of inspiration, Luigi, journalist his wife leaves him, Sergio, an official of the RAI public television, anorexic and depressed, Amedeo, film producer, and Mario, Communist deputy who will have an affair.

Passion of Love (1981)

Presented at the 34th Cannes Film Festival in 1981, the movie is adapted from Fosca most famous novel of Iginio Ugo Tarchetti, published as a serial in the magazine It pungolo in 1869, and published in a volume that year.

It is one of the most representative Scapigliatura novels, the literary movement protest in northern Italy around the 1860s film, faithful to the book overall, modifies the end which he accentuates the dramatic effect. More a reflection on the beauty and love, book and movie dissect the mechanism of passion. Bernard Giraudeau and Laura Antonelli play the lead roles.

That Night in Varennes (1982)

The film is inspired by the novel by Catherine Rihoit, The Nuit de Varennes or Impossible is not French. He says the leak and arrested at Varennes Louis XVI and his wife Marie Antoinette. In Paris, in June 1791, the libertine writer Restif La Bretonne (played by Jean-Louis Barrault) is the witness of departure, at night and from the Royal Palace, a mysterious coach.

Intrigued, the writer sets out in pursuit along with Giacomo Casanova. He soon discovers that this coach is trying to join another party earlier and whose occupants are nothing unless members of the royal family …

Le Bal (1983)

The film won in 1884 numerous awards: César for Best Film César for Best Director but also César for Best Film Score for the soundtrack signed Vladimir Cosma.

The story takes place in a ballroom where redéfile entire history of France: the 20s to the 80s the liking music that marked these decades such as jazz, rock ‘ n ‘roll or disco, the Popular Front, World War II, the Liberation and May 68 are thus raised.

Dinner (1998)

Ettore Scola celebrates French actress Fanny Ardant La Cena. She camped there the role of Flora, owner of a chic restaurant, located the heart of a great city, could be Rome. The latter secretly loves an intellectual and is loved equally secretly by one of its servers. She received that evening’s, forty backgrounds of clients and various interests that everyone at the table tells a story.

Unfair Competition (2001 )

One of the latest achievements of Ettore Scola. Unfair Competition released in 2001, takes place in Rome in the years 30. It tells the story of Umberto Leone and two clothing merchants whose shops and apartments are neighbors. They engage in a competition without thank you and hate openly. Yet their two son are friends, and the daughter of the elder Leone and Umberto are in love with each other. Meanwhile, the fascists are in power.

Concerned above all the smooth running of his business, Umberto limply collaborating with the regime, despite his brother’s reproaches, Angelo, a college professor. One day, a new dispute between Umberto Leone and turns the fight. They are taken to the police. There, it is suggested to Umberto play on the fact that Leone is Jewish to get him into trouble. Umberto refuses …


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